The Coral Chronicles: Climate Crisis and Its Implications on the Global Coral Reefs


  • Nadeem Sheikh The University of Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan



The coral reefs are one of the most devastating causalities that is often overlooked as our planet grapples with the continually progressing crisis of climate change. They are often addressed as the rainforests of the sea and are hubs of biodiversity that support a one-fourth of all marine species even though they only cover less than one percent of the ocean floor. Not only are they inhabiting countless marine creatures, they are also a crucial food an income source to the millions of people worldwide. Alas! These vibrant underwater ecosystems are being pushed to the brink of collapse due the relentless onslaught of climate change. 

Consider the Great Barrier Reef, off the coast of Australia, where extensive coral bleaching events are occurring due to rising sea temperatures [1]. The threat of ocean acidification has jeopardized the coral reef in the Maldives and is potentially affecting the country economically which is based on the tourism and fisheries. Likewise, Caribbean Sea is facing disease outbreak and coral bleaching. Philippines is home to some of the most diverse coral reefs in the world but, climate change, overfishing and coastal development is threatening these natural ecosystems. Apart from these, Seychelles and Mauritius in the Indian Ocean and the Coral triangle in the Southeast Asian region are also at stake due to these environmental stressors [2].  

In the face of these challenges, many governments, NGOs and local communities have united to conserve these global reefs. Different Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have been developed to mitigate overfishing and habitat destruction and protect the coral reefs [3]. Moreover, many techniques have been developed to restore the degraded coral ecosystems and enhance their resilience, including Coral Transplantation and Artificial Reef Structures. These initiatives have created the hope that the vibrant coral reefs will eventually recover in face of the existing environmental crises.  

However, we cannot overstate that the current situation is dire and nothing short of a global calamity. It is our moral obligation that we protect and preserve these natural wonders for future generations.  If we do not take immediate action to curb the emission of greenhouse gases and fight against the climate change, we risk losing these underwater ecosystems right in front of our eyes. It is our choice and the stakes could not be higher. 



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McManus LC, Vasconcelos VV, Levin SA, Thompson DM, Kleypas JA, Castruccio FS, et al. Extreme temperature events will drive coral decline in the Coral Triangle. Global Change Biology. 2020 Apr; 26(4): 2120-33. doi: 10.1111/gcb.14972.

Xin Y, Yang Z, Du Y, Cui R, Xi Y, Liu X. Vulnerability of protected areas to future climate change, land use modification, and biological invasions in China. Ecological Applications. 2024 Jan; 34(1): e2831. doi: 10.1002/eap.2831.



DOI: 10.54393/mjz.v5i01.88
Published: 2024-03-31

How to Cite

Sheikh, N. (2024). The Coral Chronicles: Climate Crisis and Its Implications on the Global Coral Reefs . MARKHOR (The Journal of Zoology), 5(01), 01.